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Hornbeam tree

HORNBEAM

Carpinus betulus

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Carpinus betulus is a deciduous tree reaching up to 30m in height. It grows in woodland and hedgerows and will tolerate shade and clipping, it is native only in the south east . Dark green  leaves on alternate sides of stems 4-10cm in size, sharp, doubled toothed, oval with a point. Long  yellow tinged red male catkins and smaller green female catkins appear between March and May, turning to clusters of small nuts in 3 lobe bracts in October and November. It makes very good hedging. Its  wood is used for beansticks, charcoal and because it is a hard wood mallets chopping boards.

hbeam leaf.gif (18084 bytes)Collect nuts  from trees while still slightly green from November onward. Stratify straight away after breaching nuts. Sow in spring, nuts can be pretreated.

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   Horn means 'hard' and beam means 'tree' in old English

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